English Grammar Exercises for B2 – Relative clauses

1. Complete the text with the relative pronouns in the box.

then      when      where      which      who      whose


The British Interplanetary Society1) _______ was founded in 1933, is an organisation 2) _______ promotes space exploration. In the early days, 3) _______ humans had not yet been into space, they worked on designs for rockets. More recently, they have argued in favour of building a space station on Mars, 4) _______ scientists would be able to study the rocks and climate. Today, the Society is headed by Dr Robert Parkinson, 5) _______ has worked for various aerospace companies. But in the 1940s, its chairman was science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke, 6) _______ novel 2001: A Space Odyssey was made into a well-known science fiction film.

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1) which   2) that   3) when   4) where   5) who   6) whose

2. Complete the sentences (1-6) using the clauses (a-f) below. Add a relative pronoun only if necessary.

1) I think I’ve lost the book ________

2) Covent Garden, ____________ , is a popular place for tourists to visit.

3) Harper Lee, ____________ , did not like appearing in public.

4) Camp Nou stadium, ____________ , can hold nearly 99,000 fans.

5) The hotel ____________ burned down last week.

6) I wish I hadn’t lost the phone number of the girl ________


a Barcelona play their home matches

b used to be a fruit and vegetable market

c we stayed at in Paris last summer

d best friend gave me for birthday

e I met at cousin’s wedding

f first novel was To Kill A Mockingbird

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1d: I think I’ve lost the book best friend gave me for birthday.

2b: Covent Garden, which used to be a fruit and vegetable market, is a popular place for tourists to visit.

3   f: Harper Lee, whose first novel was To Kill A Mockingbird, did not like appearing in public.

4   a: Camp Nou stadium, where Barcelona play their home matches, can hold nearly 99,000 fans.

5   c: The hotel we stayed at in Paris last summer burned down last week.

6   e: I wish I hadn’t lost the phone number of the girl I met at cousin’s wedding.

3. Rewrite the shortened relative clauses that are underlined as full relative clauses. You do not need to rewrite the whole sentence.

1) Police are questioning a man arrested at the scene.

 ________

2) They have seized several computers belonging to the victim.

 ________

3) Last week, a newspaper received a letter signed by the suspect.

 ________

4) Rumours of a video recording, denied by the police, have been reported by news agencies.

 ________

5) Journalists were shown a bag containing various weapons.

 ________

6) The victim’s house, built in the 17th century, was the scene of a five last year.

     ________

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1) who was arrested at the scene

2) which / that belonged to the victim

3) which / that was signed by the suspect

4) which had been denied by the police

5) which / that contained various weapons

6) which was built in the 17th century

4. Combine each pair of sentences into one sentence with a shortened relative clause. There may be more than one possible answer.

1) I’ve got a place on a course. It starts in October.

 ________

2) The university is only ten years old. It is located just outside Edinburgh.

 ________

3) The course leads to a diploma. The diploma is recognised by all major employers.

 ________

4) The tuition fees would be unaffordable without a scholarship. The total £9,000 a year.

 ________

5) scholarship is worth £7,000 a year. It is awarded by the university.

     ________

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1) I’ve got a place on a course starting in October.

2) The university, located just outside Edinburgh, is only ten years old.

3) The course leads to a diploma recognised by all major employers.

4) The tuition fees, totalling £9,000 a year, would be unaffordable without a scholarship.

5) scholarship, awarded by the university, is worth £7,000 a year.

Challenge!

What’s the longest relative clause you can invent to complete this sentence?

cousin, ________

________________

______________

________________,

is coming to stay.

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