1. Complete the text with the relative pronouns in the box.
then when where which who whose
The British Interplanetary Society , 1) _______ was founded in 1933, is an organisation 2) _______ promotes space exploration. In the early days, 3) _______ humans had not yet been into space, they worked on designs for rockets. More recently, they have argued in favour of building a space station on Mars, 4) _______ scientists would be able to study the rocks and climate. Today, the Society is headed by Dr Robert Parkinson, 5) _______ has worked for various aerospace companies. But in the 1940s, its chairman was science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke, 6) _______ novel 2001: A Space Odyssey was made into a well-known science fiction film.
1) which 2) that 3) when 4) where 5) who 6) whose
2. Complete the sentences (1-6) using the clauses (a-f) below. Add a relative pronoun only if necessary.
1) I think I’ve lost the book ________
2) Covent Garden, ____________ , is a popular place for tourists to visit.
3) Harper Lee, ____________ , did not like appearing in public.
4) Camp Nou stadium, ____________ , can hold nearly 99,000 fans.
5) The hotel ____________ burned down last week.
6) I wish I hadn’t lost the phone number of the girl ________
a Barcelona play their home matches
b used to be a fruit and vegetable market
c we stayed at in Paris last summer
d best friend gave me for birthday
e I met at cousin’s wedding
f first novel was To Kill A Mockingbird
1d: I think I’ve lost the book best friend gave me for birthday.
2b: Covent Garden, which used to be a fruit and vegetable market, is a popular place for tourists to visit.
3 f: Harper Lee, whose first novel was To Kill A Mockingbird, did not like appearing in public.
4 a: Camp Nou stadium, where Barcelona play their home matches, can hold nearly 99,000 fans.
5 c: The hotel we stayed at in Paris last summer burned down last week.
6 e: I wish I hadn’t lost the phone number of the girl I met at cousin’s wedding.
3. Rewrite the shortened relative clauses that are underlined as full relative clauses. You do not need to rewrite the whole sentence.
1) Police are questioning a man arrested at the scene.
2) They have seized several computers belonging to the victim.
3) Last week, a newspaper received a letter signed by the suspect.
4) Rumours of a video recording, denied by the police, have been reported by news agencies.
5) Journalists were shown a bag containing various weapons.
6) The victim’s house, built in the 17th century, was the scene of a five last year.
1) who was arrested at the scene
2) which / that belonged to the victim
3) which / that was signed by the suspect
4) which had been denied by the police
5) which / that contained various weapons
6) which was built in the 17th century
4. Combine each pair of sentences into one sentence with a shortened relative clause. There may be more than one possible answer.
1) I’ve got a place on a course. It starts in October.
2) The university is only ten years old. It is located just outside Edinburgh.
3) The course leads to a diploma. The diploma is recognised by all major employers.
4) The tuition fees would be unaffordable without a scholarship. The total £9,000 a year.
5) scholarship is worth £7,000 a year. It is awarded by the university.
1) I’ve got a place on a course starting in October.
2) The university, located just outside Edinburgh, is only ten years old.
3) The course leads to a diploma recognised by all major employers.
4) The tuition fees, totalling £9,000 a year, would be unaffordable without a scholarship.
5) scholarship, awarded by the university, is worth £7,000 a year.
What’s the longest relative clause you can invent to complete this sentence?
is coming to stay.