1. Complete the collocations with the verbs below.
board book check in check into
hail hire miss reach
1) _____. your bags / your luggage
2) _____. a room / a flight / a holiday
3) _____. your destination
4) _____. a hotel
5) _____. a taxi
6) _____. a train / a ship / a flight
7) _____. a car
8) _____. your flight / your train
1) check in 2) book 3) reach 4) check into 5) hail
6) board 7) hire 8) miss
Listening Strategy 1
It is sometimes difficult to catch names and proper nouns when you listen. However, you can use the words around them (including collocations) to work out what they are (a person, a place, etc.). For example, if you hear ‘We stayed four nights at the Grand Plaza’, the underlined words tell you that the Grand Plaza is a hotel.
2. Read Listening Strategy 1. Then listen to three short dialogues and answer the questions.
1) In dialogue 1, how are they planning to travel to their hotel?
2) In dialogue 2, what is the Aurora?
3) In dialogue 3, what does the man think he’s lost?
1) taxi 2) hotel 3) luggage / bag 4) car
Woman There’s one! On the other side of the road! Quick!
Man Sorry! I tried to hail it, but it didn’t stop. And I can’t see any others. Shall we walk back to the hotel?
W No, it’s too far.
m Well, let’s start walking in the right direction. I’m sure another one will come along soon.
W Good idea.
Man Our ship sails at seven in the morning. That’s early!
Woman We’ll have to get up at about four o’clock. It’s quite a long drive.
m I know. Let’s drive down the night before. We can check into the Aurora for the night. We’ve stayed there before – it’s fine.
W And then we don’t have to get up so early. Good idea!
Woman We should go to the departure gate now. What’s the matter?
Man I think I’ve lost ___ hang on. Where is it?
W What? What are you looking for? Your boarding pass is in your hand.
m No it’s not that. Oh! Silly me. I checked it in, didn’t I?
W Come on.
3. Listen again. Which verbs from exercise 1 helped you answer the questions in exercise 2?
Dialogue 1: ________.
Dialogue 2: ________.
Dialogue 3: ________.
1) hail 2) check into 3) check in
See exercise 2.
Listening Strategy 2
Being aware of formal register can help you identify the context. Formal terms used in announcements include:
adjacent to (next to) beverages (drinks)
to commence (to begin) to depart (to leave)
due to (because of) prior to (before) to proceed to (to go to)
to purchase (to buy) refreshments (food and drink)
to terminate (to end)
4. Read Listening Strategy 2. Then complete the sentences with formal words from the Strategy that mean the same as the words in brackets.
1) Will all passengers for Milan please ________ (go to) gate 7b, which is ________ (next to) gate 9.
2) A wide range of ________ (food and drink) are available to ________ (buy) in the departure lounge.
3) Passengers are advised that some flights will ________ (leave) later than scheduled. This is ________ (because of) the weather conditions.
4) This train ________ (ends) at Manchester. Please note that hot and cold ________ (drinks) are available from the buffet car.
1) proceed to, adjacent to 2) refreshments, purchase
3) depart, due to 4) terminates, beverages
5. Listen to three extracts. Which two are formal? Which formal terms from Listening Strategy 2 do they include?
Extract is formal.
It includes these formal terms: ________
Extract is formal.
It includes these formal terms: ________
Extract 2 (formal) refreshments, to purchase, beverages
Extract 3 (informal) due to, prior to
OK. Can everybody hear me? Good. Now, we’ve got all morning to explore the old town – take some photos, buy some souvenirs. If you want a map, I’ve got some here, just come and ask. But please, don’t go yet ___ listen to this, it’s really important. Our coach is leaving at midday precisely. We can’t be late because we’ve got a lot of distance to cover this afternoon. So I want everybody to be here at ten to twelve at the latest, ready to board the coach. Is that clear? Please, please don’t be late. If you are, we will leave you behind, I promise!
Good afternoon. I would like to welcome all new passengers on board and remind them that refreshments are available from the buffet car, which is situated between carriages 9 and 10. We also offer a trolley service for passengers who wish to purchase light snacks and beverages from their seats. Please be aware that we will be arriving at our destination a few minutes ahead of schedule. We’d like to thank you for choosing Main Line Railways and hope to see you again in the near future.
Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. This is Samantha and I’m your chief flight attendant. On behalf of Captain Rodgers and his crew, I’d like to welcome you aboard Western Airways flight 456, our non-stop service from London to Paris which will depart in a few minutes. Please make sure your seat belt is correctly fastened prior to take-off, and that your seat back and tray are in an upright position. Any electronic equipment must be turned off for take-off due to the possibility of interference with our onboard navigation systems. Thank you.
6. Listen again and circle the correct answers
1) What is the speaker’s main purpose in extract 1?
a To make sure everyone has a map.
b To make sure nobody is late back to the coach.
c To make sure everyone has time to buy souvenirs.
2) Where is the announcement in extract 2 being made?
a On a train.
b At an underground station.
c In an airport terminal.
3) At what point in the flight is the announcement in extract 3 made?
a Just before take-off.
b Shortly after take-off.
c Shortly before landing at the destination.
1) b 2) a 3) a 4) c
See exercise 5.
Don’t rely on your general knowledge when choosing between true, false and not given answers. An answer can only be true for false if there is information in the text to support it.
1. Read the Strategy. Then read the extract from a recording and statements 1-6. Which statements match the information in the extract and are true? Which of the statements contain information that is not given in the extract? Why are the other statements false?
Liam So Tony, do you think you’d ever try to organise something like the ‘Run for Life’ again?
Tony I really doubt it. It was an amazing experience, and I don’t at all regret that I took it on. I got loads of help from both friends and complete strangers, and that kept me going. But I kept worrying that if it didn’t go well, it would be responsibility. That put pressure on me. Next time, someone else can do the organising and I’ll just volunteer.
1) ‘Run for Life’ raises money for charity.
2) Tony is sorry that he decided to organise the event.
3) Tony appreciated the help that he got from others.
4) Tony felt that it would be his fault if the event failed.
5) Tony knows he worries too much about things.
6) Tony plans to organise the next ‘Run for Life’.
1) incorrect (I don’t at all regret that I took it on)
4) incorrect (Next time, someone else can do the organising)
2. You will hear an interview with a young person who has done something amazing. Are the statements true (T), false (F) or not given (NG)?
1) Lindsay’s bike ride from Aberdeen to Brighton was about six hundred miles.
2) Lindsay’s friend Stella was born blind.
3) The idea for a bike ride was inspired by something that Lindsay did with Stella before the accident.
4) Lindsay collected all the donations through the internet.
5) Lindsay met people who do voluntary work with blind people.
6) Almost £250,000 has already been donated.
1) NG 2) F 3) T 4) T 5) NG 6) F
David In the studio today we have fifteen-year-old Lindsay Adams. Lindsay has just completed a solo bike ride from Aberdeen, Scotland to Brighton, England, in order to help the families of blind children. Lindsay. Why did you decide to undertake this trip?
Lindsay Well, it started because friend Stella had an accident last year and lost her sight. She was only fourteen then, and I saw all of the stress that it put on her family. Stella needed a lot of help, and it also takes a lot of money to provide everything a blind person needs. I just thought families like Stella’s needed help.
d And why a bike ride? Did that have some special meaning?
l It did. Stella and I often used to go cycling together, so I thought she’d appreciate it.
d You got people to promise to give money before you started out. How did you do that?
l I did it partly through social media, and a website I’d set up. But I also went door to door in town, just explaining what I was doing − and how people could help.
d So how long did the trip take?
l It took me two weeks to complete the whole trip, but I did stop quite a lot. I visited hospitals and places along the way that work with blind people.
d So how much money did you raise in the end?
l We raised nearly a quarter of a million pounds. And donations are still coming in. People’s generosity is just amazing!