When you listen to a more formal text, pay attention to linking words and phrases. These tell you how the pieces of information are connected: a contrast, a result, an example, emphasis, etc.
1. Read the Listening Strategy. Then complete the table with the headings below.
contrast emphasis example result
as a result
for that reason
1) emphasis 2) contrast 3) result 4) example
2. Choose the correct linking word or phrase in the sentences.
1) She worked hard at school. Consequently, / Mind you, she did well in her exams.
2) The town has excellent leisure facilities. For instance, / However, there is a new sports centre.
3) The journey had been long and tiring. For example, / For that reason, they decided to get an early night.
4) The weather was extremely cold. Indeed, / However, it reached -12°C one night.
5) Ellie spent all afternoon at the beach. As a result, / Mind you, she got slightly sunburned.
6) The house is in a terrible condition – in fact, / though it would be impossible to live there.
1) Consequently, 2) For instance, 3) For that reason,
4) Indeed, 5) As a result, 6) in fact,
3. Match sentences 1-6 with endings a-h. Use the linking words to help you. There are two extra endings.
1) She stayed up all night doing her homework. As a result, she
2) He tried very hard to contact his parents. For instance, he
3) They climbed the mountain in one day, though it
4) She really disliked the film. In fact, she
5) He applied for about twenty jobs. However, he
6) He decided he wanted to be a journalist. Consequently, he
a eventually managed to get in touch.
b needed more time.
c phoned and emailed them.
d sent his CV to all the national newspapers.
e left before the end.
f overslept and was late for school.
g was difficult and exhausting.
h only got two or three interviews.
1) f 2) c 3) g 4) e 5) h 6) d
4. You are going to listen to a radio interview about Margaret Fuller. First, read the sentences and circle the correct endings.
1) Margaret was an excellent student. In fact,
a by the age of six, she was translating Latin poetry into English.
b she always found Latin particularly difficult.
2) Boys often learned Latin, but girls learned different things: for instance,
a girls usually started school at a later age.
b how to behave in public.
3) She taught herself several languages and read great literature from around the world. Indeed,
a novels from Germany, France and Italy.
b Many people considered her the best-educated person on the East Coast.
4) At that time, there were certain jobs which people thought of as suitable for women: for example,
a being a teacher.
b Margaret was not interested in these jobs.
5) Some of the reviews she wrote were very negative. As a result,
a she was not always popular with novelists and poets of her time.
b she praised good writing when she came across it.
6) She definitely tried to make the world a better place. Mind you,
a she particularly wanted to help people who couldn’t help themselves.
b during her lifetime, she was actually best known for being bad-tempered!
1) a 2) b 3) b 4) a 5) a 6) b
5. Now listen to the interview. Check your answers to exercise 4.
Students check answers.
See exercise 6.
6. Listen again. Are the sentences true (T) or false (F)?
1) Margaret Fuller was educated both at home and at school.
2) In those days, most girls were expected to read great works of literature.
3) She worked as a teacher before she became a journalist.
4) She didn’t become editor of the New York Tribune because she was a woman.
5) She reviewed novels and poetry for the New York Tribune.
6) As a journalist, she took an interest in groups of people whose lives were difficult.
1) T 2) F 3) T 4) F 5) T 6) T
Host Last week, we heard about Nellie Bly, one of the first female journalists to become really famous. This week, we’re going to talk about Margaret Fuller. She was born before Nellie Bly, wasn’t she?
Guest Yes, that’s right. Margaret Fuller was born near the start of the nineteenth century – in 1810.
h In America?
g Yes, in America. In Cambridge, which is a city on the East coast of the USA, near Boston. It’s the home of Harvard University, one of the most famous universities in the world.
h And did Margaret have a good education?
g Yes, she did. Up to the age of nine, her education was at home, with her father. Margaret was an excellent student. In fact, by the age of six, she was translating Latin poetry into English.
h Was that unusual at the time?
g Yes, it was – for a girl. Boys often learned Latin, but girls learned different things: for instance, how to behave in public. Boys were given great works of literature to read; girls were given romantic novels.
h So did she receive all of her education at home?
g No, she didn’t. By the age of ten, she was at school. And eventually, she qualified as a teacher. But even as an adult, her education continued. She taught herself several languages and read great literature from the around world. Indeed, many people considered her the best-educated person on the East Coast. And that’s male or female!
h So, she had a hunger for education. What else was different about her? Why did she become so well known?
g Well, she had very strong opinions about the role of women, and particularly about what jobs they could do. At that time, there were certain jobs which people thought of as suitable for women: for example, being a teacher. Margaret believed that a woman could do any job that a man could do.
h And what job did she do?
g Well, after teaching, she became a journalist. She worked for the New York Tribune and became its first female editor. She also wrote reviews for it, as she was well known for having strong opinions about literature. Some of the reviews she wrote were very negative. As a result, she was not always popular with novelists and poets of her time.
h Did she only write about literature?
g No, she was interested in many different topics. For example, she went into prisons and wrote about the conditions there. She wanted to make them better. She also wanted to change people’s attitudes to Native Americans and African Americans.
h So, she fought a lot of good causes.
g Yes, she did. She definitely tried to make the world a better place. Mind you, during her lifetime, she was actually best known for being bad-tempered!
h Oh dear! Well, I suppose sometimes strong opinions can make you unpopular.
example, if the stem is The conversation takes place ___ , you need to listen for the setting of the conversation, and specific ideas or feelings are not relevant.
1. Read the Strategy. Then read the extract from a recording and sentences 1-3. What is the topic of each question?
Welcome back, listeners. I hope you enjoyed the last sone. Now with us in the studio today we have a great musician and composer who I’ve looked up to entire life. I am so thrilled to meet him at last, and I look forward to hearing about his latest album. So let’s welcome ___
1) The conversation takes place in ________
2) The speaker feels that her guest is ________
3) The guest is going to discuss ________
1) location / setting 2) opinion / feeling 3) subject
2. You will hear five extracts twice. Circle the correct answers (A-D).
1) What is the man doing at the moment?
a interviewing someone for a job
b offering someone a job
c talking to a co-worker
d preparing for an interview
2) The speaker is advertising something that
a you must accept within a time limit.
b will last for 24 months.
c will give you free internet service for a short time.
d is expensive but very good quality.
3) The girl admits that she
a has arrived home late several times.
b did not behave in the right way.
c wanted to make her parents angry.
d thinks her parents are right.
4) The conversation takes place
a in a radio studio.
b in a TV studio.
c in a school classroom.
d in a university classroom.
5) Which of the following statements is true?
a You only need your password for the website.
b You can only get help online.
c You must change your personal information before you can speak to someone.
d You can speak to someone without another phone call.
1) C 2) A 3) B 4) A 5) D
a So what do you think of the candidates for the job?
b I have to say, not many of them have had the right kind of experience. I liked the last one, though – she showed a lot of intelligence, and she had plenty of self-confidence, too.
a She probably was the best of the lot today. Still, we have another group to interview tomorrow, so we might find someone who’s perfect for the post.
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Girl parents are unbelievable! They told me I can’t go out in the evening for a whole month − just because I got home late on Saturday!
Boy Well if you make a deal with your parents, you have to stick to it, right?
g I suppose so. I mean, I know I shouldn’t have come home late – or at least I should have rung them and said when I’d get home. But still ___ I’ve never been late before, so it seems pretty extreme.
With us today we have a university professor who is as comfortable in front of a TV camera as in the classroom. She has written one of the most fascinating books I’ve come across this year. It talks about how the climate of a country influences its people and their personalities, and even the development of an entire culture. Professor Wilson, welcome to Talk Time on Radio 5. Now, your books suggests ___
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