1. Match words from box A with words from box B to make compound nouns. Write them below.
climate fossil global
greenhouse ice rain
renewable sea surface
caps change energy
forest fuels gases level
1) climate change
fossil fuels global warming greenhouse gases
ice caps rainforest renewable energy sea level
2. Complete the sentences with the particles below. You need to use three of them more than once. Are the sentences true (T) or false (F)? Check your answers at the bottom of the page.
down off on out up with
1) Factories and power stations give _____________ greenhouse gases.
2) When we cut _____________ trees, we increase the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere.
3) The world’s oceans are slowly heating _____________
4) The world’s supply of gas is likely to run _____________ in the next ten years.
5) The EU recently decided to close _____________ all the nuclear power stations in Europe.
6) Solar energy works better in places where you can rely _____________ good weather.
7) Scientists recently came _____________ _____________ a car engine that uses only CO2.
8) Many types of animals and plants are dying _____________ because the Earth is getting warmer.
1) off, T 2) down, F 3) up, T 4) out, F 5) down, F
6) on, T 7) up with, F 8) out, T
3. Write the phrasal verbs which can replace the underlined words. Choose from the list below.
carry on come up with give up go up look after
put off set off use up
1) I need to think of a good excuse for not handing in homework. __________________________
2) I’m trying to stop eating junk food. __________________________
3) After running ten kilometres, she was too tired to continue. __________________________
4) He left his job so he could take care of his sons. __________________________
5) Please don’t finish all the milk – I need some for breakfast tomorrow. __________________________
6) The number of people with smartphones is continuing to rise. __________________________
7) We should delay the meeting because nobody can come that day. __________________________
8) Don’t stay up late! We need to leave early tomorrow.
1) come up with 2) give up 3) carry on 4) look after
5) use up 6) go up 7) put off 8) set off
There are hundreds of phrasal verbs in English and many of them are very common. They are easier to learn in small groups. Here are two options:
1) Learn phrasal verbs related to the same topic.
break down = (a car, a bus, etc.) stop working
go back = return
head for = travel in a certain direction
set off = leave
take off = (a plane) leave the ground, go up in the air
2) Learn phrasal verbs with the same base verb
look after = take care of
look around = explore
look into = study, examine
look up = find in a dictionary or other reference work
4. Use a dictionary to find four phrasal verbs with the base verb turn. Include short definitions.
1) _________ = ____________
2) _________ = ____________
3) _________ = ____________
4) _________ = ____________
your own answers
5. Replace the underlined words with the phrasal verbs below.
carry on close down come up with give up look after
put off use up wake up to
1) Can you take care of the baby while I go shopping?
2) Do you think you can stop using your car for a month?
3) They delayed leaving their house in spite of the approaching forest fire.
4) We need to think of some new ways to save water.
5) How did you finish all the sugar? It was a new bag!
6) They decided to continue looking for survivors.
7) They had to shut their business because of the storm damage.
8) People need to become aware of reality and stop using so many natural resources.
1) look after 2) give up 3) put off 4) come up with
5) use up 6) carry on 7) close down 8) wake up to